Monday, October 14, 2013

Belated Benevolence

Belated Benevolence
It has been seen that some ruling party workers of the state govt are trying desperately to gather some cheap popularity by publicizing their effort to minimize the causalities in the present pre forecasted cyclone. It’s a ridiculous effort by the workers to compare Very Severe Cyclone Phailine with Super Cyclone of 1999, rather concentrating on how to rehabilitate and compensate the cyclone victims whose precious homes and livelihood has been devastated and shattered in the fury of this disaster.  It is to be felt that the a hell and heaven difference between social life of 1999 and 2013 ….we can say we are in the modern world where everything is on our doorstep .the information and broadcasting technology has reduced the distance along the geography  and we are reaping the benefits of neo economic liberalization. We developed better infrastructure in terms of military, satellite technology, weather forecasting, roads, buildings,  IT and ITES .In the year 1999 barely some metros have GSM and CDMA network and some high profile industrialists of the country were availing the benefit of mobile technology. But now we are witnessing a quite different scenario every village is connected with internet and mobile technology and even poor people are availing its benefits. Many electronic and social media came in to position for clear, accurate and effective dissemination of information and news and information across the country. Many flagship programs have been promulgated by Central Govt to buildup better infrastructure across the country.
In the verge of oct 1999 a monstrous super cyclone hit the coastal belt with its furious outfit which was totally unexpected for the nation and it ruined everything within a nick of time and life comes to a standstill after the cyclone aftermath. The result was so scary that some 15000 ppl were killed and corers have been displaced and the devastation was in an unprecedented scale. All these happed only because of lake of information, lack state of the art technology and awareness among the people, weak weather forecasting system, improper dissemination of information, lack of preparedness, weak economy, and a frail ruling govt.
But in the present time we got ample time to evacuate and displace the cyclone prone people to much safer places by creating awareness through various channels. The role of IMD, IBD,NDRF, Odisha Govt, ODRAF and other social service Orgs effort to be praised to carry out the forecast in a proper way to minimize the loss of life .But still we have failed to protect the home and property of the people which also we can minimize if we would have developed better infrastructure for the ppl who are availing low infrastructure in terms of dwelling and road connectivity .we could build  Pucca houses for those ppl who are living in thatched houses and displace them from low lying areas to much safer places .

It  ll be unfair if we ll only blame the then ruling party by  turning a blind eye towards the loop holes and negligence of the present ruling party rather taking proactive majors  for a long-term settlement from frequent natural menace affecting the coastal belt while we have almost everything on our disposal now. Because it won’t be possible every time to displace and evacuate people in such a huge scale when we have little time to react and natural calamities enter uninvited without a knock. If the govt would have implemented various national flagship program’s  like PMGSY(for Pukka Sadak), Indira awas Yojana(for Pucca houses), RGGVY(for rural electrification), MGNREGA(for poverty elevation and & building rural infra) , TSP(for sanitation), NRDWP,NRHM, VAAY,MPLADP etc properly , we would have succeeded to minimize the loss of  property too though home is something so precious that an individual owns in his lifetime .Any way there is no doubt this is another lesson for us to be prepared next time and  we couldn’t ignore thanking our CM for his belated benevolence towards the people of Odisha.

Thursday, September 26, 2013

ଧର୍ମନୀରପେକ୍ଷ ରାଜନିତୀ, ହିନ୍ଦୁତ୍ବ ଏବଂ ଭାରତୀୟ ଗଣମାଧ୍ୟମର ଅବହେଳିତ ଦିଗ

ଧର୍ମନୀରପେକ୍ଷ ରାଜନିତୀ, ହିନ୍ଦୁତ୍ବ ଏବଂ ଭାରତୀୟ ଗଣମାଧ୍ୟମର ଅବହେଳିତ ଦିଗ

ବିଗତ କିଛି ମାସରୁ ଏହା କ୍ରମଗତ ଭାବେ ଦେଖାଯାଉଛି ଯେ ବିଭିନ୍ନ ଗଣମଧ୍ୟମରେ ନରେନ୍ଦ୍ର ମୋଦିଙ୍କ ପ୍ରଧାନମନ୍ତ୍ରୀ ପ୍ରାର୍ଥିତ୍ବ ଉପରେ କଟୁ ସମଲୋଚନା କରୁଛନ୍ତି ଭାରତ ବର୍ଷର ଅନେକ୍ ଆଗଧାଡିର ସମାଲୋଚକ ଏବଂ ବୁଦ୍ଧିଜିବୀ, ଯହାକି ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନ୍ ପରିପ୍ରେକ୍ଷୀରେ ଏକ ଆଲୋଚନାର ବିଷୟବସ୍ତୁ ହୋଇପଡ଼ିଛି ୤ ଗତ କିଛିଦିନତଳେ ଜଣେ କନ୍ନଡ଼ ଶିକ୍ଷାବିତ୍ ଏପରି ଏକ ମନ୍ତବ୍ୟ ଦେଇଥିଲେ ଯେ, ଯଦି ଆଗାମି ଦିନରେ ଶ୍ରୀ ମୋଦୀ ପ୍ରଧାନ ମନ୍ତ୍ରୀ ହୁଅନ୍ତି ତେବେ ସେ ଭାରତ ଛାଡି ବିଦେଶରେ ଶରଣ ନେବେ୤ ତାଙ୍କର ଏହି ମନ୍ତବ୍ୟ ସାରା ଭାରତ ବର୍ଷରେ ଏକ ଗଭିର ଆଲୋଡ଼ନ ସୃଷ୍ଠିକରିଥିଲା ଏବଂ କିଛି ଅର୍ଥ ପିପାସୁ ଗଣମାଧ୍ୟମ ଏବଂ ଶାସକ ଦଳର ରାଜନେତା ଏହାର ଉପଯୁକ୍ତ ଲାଭ ଉଠେଇବାରେ କୌଣସି ସୁଯୋଗ୍ ହାତଛଡ଼ା କରିନଥିଲେ୤ସମାଜର ମୁଖ୍ୟ ସ୍ରୋତୋରେ ସାମିଲ୍ ଥିବା କିଛି ବୁଦ୍ଧିଜିବୀ ଏବଂ ସମାଲୋଚକ ଶ୍ରୀ ମୋଦୀଙ୍କୁ ଜଣେ ହିନ୍ଦୁ କଟର୍‌ପନ୍ତି, ହିନ୍ଦୁ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରବାଦୀ ଏବଂ ୨୦୦୨ ଗୁଜୁରାଟ୍ ଦଙ୍ଗାର ମୁଖ୍ୟ ଦାୟି ବୋଲି ଦର୍ଶେଇ ଥାଆନ୍ତି୤ଯେତେବେଳେକି କେନ୍ଦ୍ରସରକରଙ୍କ ଦ୍ବାରା ଗଠିତ SIT (Special Investigation Team) ଦ୍ବରା ସେ  Clean Chit ପାଇସାରିଛନ୍ତି,ଏବଂ ସେଥିରେ ଶ୍ରୀ ମୋଦୀ ଜଡିତ ନଥିବା ଉଲ୍ଲେଖ ଅଛି୤ ଯେତେବେଳେକି, ମୋଦିନେତୃତ୍ତ୍ବାଧୀନ ଭାଜପା ନିଜ ସ୍ବଚ୍ଛ ଶାସନ ବଳରେ ଗୁଜରାଟ୍ ରେ ଉଲ୍ଲେଖନିୟ ସଫଳତା ପାଇ, ଗୁଜୁରାଟକୁ ଦେଶର ଏକ ଅଗ୍ରଣି ଶିଳ୍ପସମୃଦ୍ଦ ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ରରେ ପରିଣତ କରିପାରିଛି ,ଏବଂଏଠାରେ କହିବା ବାହୁଲ୍ୟ ଯେ ବିଗତ ୧୦ ବର୍ଷରେ ଗୁଜୁରାଟ କୌଣସି ସାମ୍ପ୍ରଦାୟିକ ଦଙ୍ଗାର ସମ୍ମୁଖୀନ ହୋଇନି୤
ଏହି ପରିପ୍ରେକ୍ଷୀରେ ସମୀକ୍ଷା କରିବାର ବିଷୟ ଏହା ଯେ ଯେଉଁ ଶିକ୍ଷାବୀତ୍, ବୁଦ୍ଧିଜିବୀ ଏବଂ ସମାଲୋଚକ ମାନେ କେବଳ ନରେନ୍ଦ୍ର ମୋଦୀଙ୍କ  ନୈତିକତା ଏବଂ ଧର୍ମନିରେପେକ୍ଷତା  ପ୍ରତି ଚିନ୍ତିତ,  କଣ ସେମାନେ ଭାରତର ଭବିଷ୍ୟତ , ଏକତା, ସ୍ବାଭିମାନ୍, ଅର୍ଥନୀତି, ସମ୍ବିଧାନ୍ ପ୍ରତି ସେତିକି ସମ୍ବେଦନଶୀଳ ନୁହନ୍ତି କି ?

ସ୍ବାଧିନତା ପରବର୍ତ୍ତି ସମୟରେ କଙ୍ଗ୍ରେସ ଦଳ ଅଧିକ ସମୟ ଭାରତର ଶାସନ ଗାଦିରେ ରହି, ବିକାଶ ନାମରେ , ଶିଳ୍ପ ନାମରେ , ଆର୍ଥିକ ଉଦାରିକରଣ ନାମରେ ସାଧାରଣ ଜନତାଙ୍କୁ ଭୁଆଁ ବୁଲେଇ, ଅନ୍ଧକାର ରେ ରଖି ବିଦେଶି ପୁଞ୍ଜିର ପ୍ରୋଲୋଭନ ଦେଖାଇ ଭାରତର ଆର୍ଥନୀତି ଏବଁ ଭବିଷ୍ୟତକୁ, ବିଦେଶି କମ୍ପାନି, କିଛି ମୁଷ୍ଠିମେୟ ରାଜନେତା ଏବଂ ଶିଳ୍ପପତିଙ୍କ ହାତରେ ଟେକିଦେବା ଏଇ ସରକାର ର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକଳାପ ଉପରେ ପ୍ରଶ୍ନବାଚୀ ନୁହଁ କି??

ବିଗତ ଦଶନ୍ଧୀର ବର୍ଦ୍ଧିତ ଭ୍ରଷ୍ଟାଚାର୍, ପ୍ରାକୃତିକ ଏବଂ ଖଣିଜ ସମ୍ପଦର ହରିଲୁଟ୍, ସାମାଜିକ ବିଶ୍ରୁଙ୍ଖଳିତା,ମାନବିୟ ମୁଲ୍ୟବୋଧର ଅବକ୍ଷୟ, କ୍ରମବର୍ଦ୍ଧିଷ୍ନୁ ଅପରାଧ୍, ନାରି ମାନଙ୍କ ପ୍ରତି ଆସାଦଚରଣ ଏବଂ ଗଣ ଦୁଃଷ୍କର୍ମ, ସାମ୍ପ୍ରଦାୟିକ ଦଙ୍ଗା, ଆଞ୍ଚଳିକ ବୈଷମ୍ୟତା, ନୁତନ ରାଜ୍ୟ ଦାବି, ଅତ୍ୟାବଶକ ସାମଗ୍ରିର ହଠାତ୍ ଦରବୃଦ୍ଦି, ଭାରତୀୟ୍ ମୁଦ୍ରାର ଅପ୍ରତ୍ୟାଶିତ ମୁଲ୍ୟ ହ୍ରାସ ପାଇଁ କଙ୍ଗ୍ରେସ୍ ନେତ୍ରୁତ୍ବାଧୀନ ଉପା ସରକାର୍ ଦାୟି ନୁହେଁକି?

 ଆଗାମି ସାଧାରଣ ନିର୍ବାଚନକୁ ଆଖିଆଗରେ ରଖି ତରବରିଆ ଭାବରେ ବିଭିନ୍ନ୍ ବିଲ୍ କୁ ସମ୍ବିଧାନରେ ଆଦୃତ କରିବା, ଭାରତୀୟ ସର୍ବୋଚ୍ଚ ନ୍ୟାୟାଳୟର ରାୟକୁ ଅସମାନ କରି , ସମ୍ବିଧାନର ବିପକ୍ଷରେ ଯାଇ ବିଭିନ୍ନ ଫୌଜ୍‌ଦାରି ମାମଲାରେ ଜଡିତ କିମ୍ବା ଦୋଶି ସାବ୍ୟସ୍ତ ରାଜନୈତିକ ନେତାଙ୍କ ପ୍ରାର୍ଥିପତ୍ର କିମ୍ବା ପଦବି ଉପରେ ଆଞ୍ଚ୍ ନଆସିବା ଭଳି ଏକ ଆଧ୍ୟାଦେଶ ଜାରିକରିବା,ଆଗାମି ନିର୍ବାଚନରେ ଆଞ୍ଚଳିକ ଦଳର ସମର୍ଥନ ଆଶାରେ ଆଞ୍ଚଳିକ ବୈଷମ୍ୟକୁ ଦୁରନକରି ରାଜ୍ୟ ବିଭାଜନକୁ ପ୍ରୋଚ୍ଛାହନ ଦେବା, ଆୟବହିର୍ଭୁତ ସମ୍ପତି ଠୁଳ ଅପରାଧରେ ୧୬ ମାସ କାରାଦଣ୍ଡ ଭୋଗୁଥିବା ରାଜନେତା ଜଗନ୍ କୁ ମୁକୁଳେଇବାରେ ସାହାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କରିବା, ଅର୍ଦ୍ଧରାତ୍ର ରେ ପୋଲିସ ଲଗାଇ କଳାଧନ ଫେରାଇଆଣିବାକୁ ଦାବିକରୁଥିବା ଧାରଣାରତ ସାଧୁଙ୍କ ଉପରେ ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦୟତାରସହ ଲାଠିମାଡର ନିର୍ଦେଶ ଦେବା, ଭାରତର ଏବଂ ବିଶ୍ବର ଜଣେ ସୁନାମଧନ୍ୟ ସନ୍ଥଙ୍କୁ ବ୍ରିଟେନ୍ ରେ ଅସଦାଚରଣ ମାମଲାକୁ ଭ୍ରୁକ୍ଷେପ କରିବା , ଏହା କଣ ଉଦ୍‌ବେଗ ର ବିଷୟ ନୁହେଁ କି ?? ଭାରତଭଳି ଗୋଟେ ସଂଘିୟ ଗଣତନ୍ତ୍ରର ସାର୍ବଭୌମତ୍ତ୍ବ ପ୍ରତି ଏଗୁଡିକ ଆଶଙ୍କା ନୁହେଁକି? ଏହା କଣ ସୋନିଆ ମାଇନୋ ଗାନ୍ଧୀଙ୍କ ପୃଷ୍ଠପୋଷକତାରେ ପରିଚାଳିତ ଉପା ସରକାରର ବିଫଳତା ନୁହେଁକି??ଏହା ସୋନିଆ ମାଇନୋ ଗାନ୍ଧୀଙ୍କ  ନୈତିକତା ପ୍ରତି ପ୍ରଶ୍ନବାଚୀ ସୃଷ୍ଠି କରୁନାହିଁକି??ଏହା ଆଲୋଚନାର ସାପେକ୍ଷ ୤

ନରେନ୍ଦ୍ର ମୋଦି କିମ୍ବା ଅନ୍ୟ ରାଜନୈତିକ ଦଳର କାର୍ଯ୍ୟକଳାପ କୁ ସମାଲୋଚନା ଏବଂ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟାଲୋଚନା କରିବା ଏକ ସମାଜ୍ କିମ୍ବା ଗଣତନ୍ତ୍ରର ସବଳ ଦିଗକୁ ବୁଝାଏ କିନ୍ତୁ ସମାଜର ଏଇ ସବୁ ଦିଗକୁ ଅବହେଳ କିମ୍ବା ଉପେକ୍ଷା କରି କେବଳ ଦୀର୍ଘ ୧୧ ବର୍ଷ ପୁର୍ବେ ଦୁର୍ଭାଗ୍ୟ ଜନକ ଭାବେ ହୋଇଥିବା ଏକ ସାମ୍ପ୍ରଦାୟିକ ଦୁର୍ଘଟଣାକୁ ବାରମ୍ବାର ରୋମନ୍ଥନ କରିବା କୌଣସି ବୁଦ୍ଧିଜିବୀଙ୍କ ଠାରୁ ଆଶା କରାଯାଇନପାରେ ଏବଂ ବର୍ତ୍ତମାନର ଜଟିଳ ପରିସ୍ଥିତିରେ ଏଇ ପ୍ରକାର ସମାଲୋଚନା ଏକ ବୁଦ୍ଧିମତାର ପରିଚୟ ହୋଇନପାରେ ୤ ଏଇ ପ୍ରକାର ଆଲୋଚନା ସମାଜରେ ଅଶାନ୍ତି, ଅରାଜକତା ଏବଂ ସାମ୍ପ୍ରଦାୟିକ ହିଂସା ସୃଷ୍ଠିକରିବାରେ ଘୃତ ସଦୃଶ କାମ କରିବ ୤ ଏଇ ତଥାକଥିତ ବୁଦ୍ଦିଜୀବି ଏବଂ ସମାଲୋଚକ ବର୍ଗ ହ୍ରୁଦୟଙ୍ଗମ କରିବା ଉଚିତ ଯେ ଭାରତୀୟ ଇତିହାସ, ସାହିତ୍ୟ, କଳା, ସଂସ୍କୃତି, ପରମ୍ପରା ଏବଂ ସମ୍ବିଧାନ ହିନ୍ଦୁ ଭାବଧାରାରେ ପର୍ଯ୍ୟବେଶିତ ୤ହିନ୍ଦୁତ୍ବ ଏବଂ ହିନ୍ଦୁ ଧର୍ମ ଭାରତର ଏକତା, ଅର୍ଥନିତୀ ଏବଂ ସଂହତିର ଏକ ଅବିଚ୍ଛେଦ୍ୟ ଅଙ୍ଗ୤ଏକ ସମୃଦ୍ଧ ଏବଂ ଶକ୍ତିଶାଳି ରାଷ୍ଟ୍ର ଗଠନରେ ହିନ୍ଦୁ ଧର୍ମକୁ  କେବେବି ଏଡାଇ ଦିଆଯାଇନପାରେ ୤ 

ସ୍ବାଧୀନ ପଟ୍ଟନାୟକ

ବିଷମ କଟକ, ରାୟଗଡ଼

Thursday, June 27, 2013

A Small Story Underneath

It’s a small story from a flood hit area some location unanimous.

After a flood aftermath a Poor woman and a child has been rescued by the army personnel from the flooded river and has been taken to the rescue camp. At that time the girl child watched on TV  that the nation won an alien match (alien because that wont belongs to the nation, that was the game of a colonial country who ruled and looted the nation and shaken the very backbone once upon a time) and the players has been awarded with a lump sum amount of money. The girl got confuse and asked her mother “Mama, why these men are so happy at this time of national tragedy and why they have been awarded with such a huge amount of money”. Mother Replied “ Beta, they are the heroes of our nation, they played a game and won the trophy for our country, that's why they have been awarded with a huge money and applauds “. The girl replied, “Toh Mama, the soldiers who fight for us so hard in this weather and saved our lives , aren't they our heroes ? Why our govt is not awarding anything to them? They also well played and won our hearts mama”. Mother replied “that won’t happen in our country when it comes to the downtrodden and the common man, our govt has not enough money to give us”. The little girl again asked ‘”here so many people are hungry and struggling to get food and shelter…some are dying in horrible pangs of hunger and cold but why our govt is not doing anything?  Aren’t we the children’s of this nation?”. Mother replied “Beta have patience, our govt must have been planning something for us, otherwise may have collecting money in their relief fund and then they will distribute us.

After years passed but nothing changed, no one has arrived from the govt side.Finally the day arrived the Netas are in a bee line to the flood hit victim area to show their sympathy and distributed some money though it was the time of assembly election.That time the poor girl asked her mother who are these people with white attire and why they are distributing money freely?

The mother brought tear in her eyes ,answering herself “ Beta, these white dressed people have many names  as , public servants’ , leaders of nation, makers of nation etc… but I name them as ‘White Elephants’ who come down once from their heaven to our hell to seek and beg our vote, to remain in heaven for another five years. And the money which are being distributed to us for gaining votes were once meant for helping the Flood Victims.

Monday, May 20, 2013


The Human physical body is composed of “Saptadhatus”.“Saptadhatus” is a Sanskrit word, which means seven constituent elements (Sapta=seven, dhatus=elements).As the human body, the physical world also composed up of some Elements(dhatu) and Minerals ,which gives rise to many lives from a unicellular to multicellular organism . We named it as ‘Earth’. The whole animal and plant kingdom is being nurtured by it .Hence we call it as “Mother Earth”. With the sand dunes of time the human civilization has been regarded by the use of metals, from the stone age to bronze age, iron age, gold age and now we call this age as the age of Aluminium.
On the year 1808, Sir Humpry Davy identified the existence of metal base of alum, which he first termed as alumium and later as aluminum.
Since then, Aluminium has been remained as a key metal for many scientist and chemists  to produce it in a cost effective way for day to day use. Later on the year 1887 a Austrian chemist Carl Josef Bayer invented the cost effective way to produce Aluminium from Bauxite. The process began to gain importance in metallurgy together with the invention of the electrolytic Aluminium process invented in 1886. Together with the cyanidation process invented in 1887, the Bayer process marks the birth of the modern field of hydrometallurgy.
Today, the process is virtually unchanged, succeeding by Hall-Herault process for smelting and it produces nearly all the world's alumina supply as an intermediate in aluminium production.

Bauxite is the ore of Aluminium. For a tribe aluminium is his blood and some soil. For a Metallurgist it is some bauxite and current, for a businessman a handful of dollar and a luxury car, for the consumer society it a wrapper of a tobacco and insulator of a medicine. For the students who are studying in D.P.E.P schools it is the utensils of a common man, for the imperialistic nations like USA and Britain it is supersonic fighter planes and deadly weapons.
The environmental impacts of aluminium production.
To produce Aluminium products from Bauxite, the following 4 processes are necessary
 Mining – To extract raw Bauxite from the earth
 Refining – To refine raw Bauxite into Alumina powder
 Smelting – To convert Alumina into liquid Aluminium
 Casting – To produce Ingots, Wire-rods and Billets from liquid Aluminium

To produce one ton aluminium around 5 to 6 ton bauxite(grade) , 8 to 10 ton water , 1.5 ton coal , 0.6 ton anode carbon, 0.25 ton fuel, 0.2 ton caustc soda, 0.1 ton fluride salt, o.r ton calcin and petroleum, 0.15 ton of coke or pitch and 15000-16000 KW current.
Every one ton aluminium discharges 18 ton of poisonous wastes. From each ton of aluminium 6 ton red mud(a mixture  of sodium aluminate and undissolved bauxite residues containing iron, silicon, and titanium,14 rare earth elements,& some radioactive elements like HF,U,Th etc.),which contains  50 k.g of deadly poison called as Spent Pot lining(SPL) and many other cancer causing harmful agents like cyanides, heavy meatals etc.
Mining Bauxite causes many environmental hazards then any other mineral explorations, though  Aluminium is mainly produced from bauxite and over 90% of the world’s bauxite resources are concentrated on the tropical and sub-tropical belt in Australia, Guinea, Jamaica, Surinam, Brazil, and India(Odisha shares the highest 55% Bauxite reserve). It totally stops the perennial water streams and reduces the ground water level causing the area totally infertile and barren. The bauxite dusts which produce during mining excavations and conveying can travel up to 15 to 20 km on air and can contaminate the air and water so critically that  to cause a desert like surrounding.The aluminium refinery needs minimum 4 to 5 ton of water for refining.If the refinery runs a thermal power plant then it produces tons of  fly ash which ll be later collected on a ash pond and it emits a tons of carbon dioxide to the environment.Smelting plant emits many HFCs(Hydro floro carbons) like CF4, Hexafluoroethane which are the main substance for Ozone layer depletion and global worming.

Keeping on view of the above facts, mining Bauxite is no less hazardous than any nuclear disasters. While we are only busy on focusing on the nuclear disasters ignoring this mining activity, which might create another human made catastrophe and can turn this blue planet like  Mars.

Saturday, May 18, 2013

The Story of a Sacred Mountain & Struggle for Exhistance

It is the story of a sacred and mighty mountain, standing as high as 1516 mtr of altitude in the Eastern Ghats to defeat the enormous worries and leaving apart the problems created by the humans in its loving self. It is a mountain which has been nurturing the millions of floras, faunas and many perennial water streams since the ages. The nature playing on its cradle  by listening to the symphony of rustling winds, gargling water streams and the tranquil melodies of singing birds. The mother mountain has its own name i.e Niyam-giri or Niyam Dongar(The Mountain of Law) by the scheduled mountain dwellers, the ‘Dongria Kondhs’(Mountain Tribes).Dongria kondh is one of the primitive and indigenous tribes of the world who enjoys a critical ,spiritual, and symbolic relation  with the Niyamgiri forests from the time immemorial. The Dongrias believe that the hill belongs to ‘Niyam Raja Penu’, a male deity represented by a Sword and worshiped during Dussera.They claim themselves to be the descendants of Niyam Raja. The Dongrias have a distinguished heritage because of their dress style, mode of living, indigenous skills, cultural pattern and social system interlinked with the nature and the mountain forests.

More than 75% of the Niyamgiri hills’ landmass is covered with dense forests. According to taxonomists, who visited ‘Niyamgiri Hills’ report in their preliminary assessment, "The flora of the hill range exhibits a very rich and varied assemblage of plant species owing to its diversified topography with high mountain peaks and innumerable deep valleys and gorges,abundant springs and diverse vegetation resources.”

On fauna front of view, the REIA report mentions that being mainly a forest area, the study area shows wide faunal diversity and abundance. The area exhibits a well-balanced ecosystem with a poised prey-predator relationship. The secondary data identifies a variety of faunal species under categories like endangered and vulnerable as per the Zoological Survey of India’s Red Data Book.

Keeping on view of the above facts the Govt was supposed to declare this area a wild life sanctuary.
Apart from that, the mountain is the finest deposits of Bauxites (A raw material of aluminium, used especially for warheads and weapons) in its womb, which lured the British giant Vedanta Aluminium Ltd to its home to mine bauxite and set up a massive refinery near its territory.

And this is how the Mountain came into the picture of the world media and struggle by its protectors(the Konds) .It is a struggle of a poor man, a poor clan, it is the struggle for their food, a struggle for their life , a struggle for their identity, a struggle for their God(the Mother nature the 'Dharani Penu' ). Moreover it is the struggle of a human who loves his mother greater than the god himself.

The Fact Finding Team of the Central Empowered Committee, Supreme Court, consisting of Mr. Sanjeev Chadha and Mr.S.C.Sharma , who visited the site, mentioned above things in their report, which submitted to Central Empowered Committee.